Give a talk on the value of homework

Whether homework helps students — and how much homework is appropriate — has been debated for many years. Homework has been in the headlines again recently and continues to be a topic of controversy, with claims that students and families are suffering under the burden of huge amounts of homework. School board members, educators, and parents may wish to turn to the research for answers to their questions about the benefits and drawbacks of homework.

Unfortunately, the research has produced mixed results so far, and more research is needed. Nonetheless, there are some findings that can help to inform decisions about homework. What follows is a summary of the research to date:. There is no conclusive evidence that homework increases student achievement across the board. Some studies show positive effects of homework under certain conditions and for certain students, some show no effects, and some suggest negative effects Kohn ; Trautwein and Koller Some studies have shown that older students gain more academic benefits from homework than do younger students, perhaps because younger students have less-effective study habits and are more easily distracted Cooper ; Hoover-Dempsey et al.

Some researchers believe that students from higher-income homes have more resources such as computers and receive more assistance with homework, while low-income students may have fewer resources and less assistance and are therefore less likely to complete the homework and reap any related benefits McDermott, Goldmen and Varenne ; Scott-Jones Students with learning disabilities can benefit from homework if appropriate supervision and monitoring are provided Cooper and Nye ; Rosenberg A national study of the influence of homework on student grades across five ethnic groups found that homework had a stronger impact on Asian American students than on students of other ethnicities Keith and Benson, Certain nonacademic benefits of homework have been shown, especially for younger students.

Indeed, some primary-level teachers may assign homework for such benefits, which include learning the importance of responsibility, managing time, developing study habits, and staying with a task until it is completed Cooper, Robinson and Patall ; Corno and Xu ; Johnson and Pontius ; Warton Middle school students appear to benefit from smaller amounts less than 1 hour per night.

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When students spend more time than this on homework, the positive relationship with student achievement diminishes Cooper, Robinson, and Patall Some research has shown that students who spend more time on homework score higher on measures of achievement and attitude. Studies that have delved more deeply into this topic suggest, however, that the amount of homework assigned by teachers is unrelated to student achievement, while the amount of homework actually completed by students is associated with higher achievement Cooper ; Cooper, Lindsay, Nye, and Greathouse Studies of after-school programs that provide homework assistance have found few definite links to improved student achievement.

Several studies, however, noted improvements in student motivation and work habits, which may indirectly affect achievement Cosden, Morrison, Albanese, and Macias ; James-Burdumy et al. Homework assignments that require interaction between students and parents result in higher levels of parent involvement and are more likely to be turned in than noninteractive assignments.Homework continues to be a controversial topic.

The debate over homework is an old one, with attitudes shifting throughout the debate over the years. Proponents and opponents make cases to support their views on the necessity and importance of homework in the development of the student and the construction of knowledge. Should homework be assigned and graded on a regular basis, or should it be viewed as an educational means to an end? As a means to an end, should one centralized school or district policy govern homework, or should some flexibility exist?

This is also a valuable tool for the teacher, as they may be better able to gauge the efficacy of their lessons and unit. In a study conducted by Hill, Spencer, Alston and Fitzgeraldhomework was positively linked to student achievement.

They indicate that homework is an inexpensive method of improving student academic preparation without increasing staff or modifying curriculum. Of the initial schools, 96 responded, and were sent three-part questionnaires seeking information about the existence, scope, development and evaluation of homework policies in their schools.

The researchers cite several general conclusions based on their findings, including the importance, and apparent lack, of homework policies in existence. Amongst the policies reported by the other half of the participating schools, most of the policies specified the type or quality of homework to be assigned, and allowed some flexibility in the assignment and evaluation of homework.

The authors indicated:.

Homework advantages and disadvantages

Particularly encouraging signs were that a variety of types of homework were suggested, and the focus of homework assignment was toward meaningful, creative, and high-level thinking endeavors Hill, Spencer, et. Homework is seen as a valuable resource for teaching, allowing students to practice, and in doing so, learn the unit material.

It can be drawn from this study that some type of homework policy is necessary, as is the assignment of higher cognitive types of homework and the flexible assessment and grading of that work in order to foster and track student learning.

Key Lessons: What Research Says About the Value of Homework

The authors suggest the use of feedback in the process, but suggest a steering away from performance-goal oriented extrinsic motivators such as grades. Constructive feedback throughout this process maintains the focus on mastery goals created at the outset, and provides the student with the support necessary to make connections between new learning and prior knowledge.

Homework, ongoing formative assessment, and feedback are all considered to be part of the instruction process. McMillan, Myran and Workman conducted a study of over teachers in order to investigate the assessment and grading practices in practice.

The authors used surveys returned by a sample of participating teachers of gradesrepresenting a total population of 1, teachers of those grade levels from schools near Richmond, Virginia. The surveys featured a 6-point scale for participants to rate the emphasis they placed on different assessment and grading practices, with 1 being not at all and 6 representing completely. The findings revealed relatively low emphasis on homework grades, but also a positive correlation between the importance of homework and increasing grade levels.

The authors state that:. Of these two, academic performance clearly is most important, but effort, ability, and improvement remain as fairly important, especially for some teachers. This study documents the importance of homework in the construction of knowledge, but also identifies the fact that there was little emphasis placed on the grades for that work.

The majority of the assessment for the students was derived from test and quiz scores, or other forms of summative assessment. This suggestion is aligned with the information provided by Cauley and McMillanwhich emphasizes the importance of setting mastery goals prior to the instruction process.For me, this has created dissonance because, as a former teacher and current principal, I know the value that schools place on homework for students.

Over the past few years, most schools, private and public, have assigned rigorous nightly homework assignments for all students, beginning as young as kindergarten and first grade. Is there any value to homework? Based upon my personal experiences as a parent and the feedback of scores of frustrated parents, the process of doing homework appears to have almost no positive learning value for the child.

Given the time frame that most families must give homework -- after dinner and a long day of work and school -- and the relative inability of most parents to actually teach their children academic skills, most typical homework tasks end up a source of family tension and struggle.

Like most working parents, when I sit down every night to help my son Cal do his homework, we're both tired and rushed. I know that he and I are both good for about 15 to 20 minutes of intense concentration, at best. Actually, his teacher usually assigns wonderfully creative homework, but occasionally when Cal has pages of dittoed math or spelling tasks, I gird myself for a negative, frustrating experience. And I'm trained as a teacher. I can't imagine what the homework ritual will be like when my youngest son starts kindergarten next year and he has nightly homework assignments to complete, too.

give a talk on the value of homework

Given the fact that most families hate homework, should students have homework? The answer is yes. Students should have homework and, despite the difficulties, parents must help children with homework. However, the primary responsibility of rethinking homework belongs to the schools. Educators must ask themselves the following questions: What is the purpose of homework and what is appropriate homework?

If homework has any value it is the expectation that learning should occur both at school and at home. Children will definitely benefit from the structure, organization and self-discipline that homework requires. Having a clearly defined, quiet time and place for families to work and learn something together is a good thing.

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Ideally, if homework is good thing, why does it seem to turn out to be such a bad thing for so many people, including me? Often it is the type of homework that schools assign. Usually, it's boring or repetitive. Other times, teachers use homework to complete assignments or projects that were left unfinished from class, despite the possibility that the home is not the best place to finish certain kinds of tasks. At worst, some schools -- including many private schools -- purposely assign difficult and burdensome homework loads as an instrument to weed out weaker students, apparently from a Social Darwinist belief that overloading and over- stressing children -- and their parents -- leads to success.

Schools should use family reading time or the expectation of family reading time as the best parent-child learning experience. We always read to our boys and my son's teacher has built in two nights a week for family reading as homework, followed by a short writing exercise. We love this kind of homework, primarily because it builds upon an existing positive family ritual.

Educators should be the first people to know that we never ask children to sit for more than an hour for anything, especially younger children. There should be a prorated homework time aligned with grade level, starting with 15 to 20 minutes for first grade and progressively working up to one hour as the absolute maximum for homework for older students, at least until they get into high school.Speech on homework is a text which is aimed to demonstrate the particular attitude towards the problem of homework.

The speech on homework should have a clear flow and style and to be appropriate for official representation. Moreover, in order to sound more credible, the author is recommended to support the main idea with strong argument citing reliable sources. Today I would like to discuss the topic which is closely connected to our studying process and affects us on a daily basis not necessarily in the positive way.

However, what really happens from day to day is that we get home, sit down at the table and pull out our homework… Yes. Yet another dose of knowledge that supposed to be crammed into our brains somehow.

It would be logical to ask, when does the relaxing part of the day start? Right after the homework is ready, close to the late night, depending on the amount of the work to be done.

Nonetheless, after the prolonged period of intellectual effortsthe brain cannot calm down quickly. For that reason, students may experience anxiety, insomnia, and restlessness in general.

All of the mentioned above factors provoke stress and permanent lack of sleep. As a result, overall performance at school declines rapidly. It can be said that the more the students do to higher their grades, the fewer results they get. According to the information recently posted in the Huffington post, there is no academic benefit in the homework after two hours for high school students and after one and a half hours for middle school students.

Extensive amounts of information also cannot be absorbed after the particular limit. It is also important to not forget about social contacts, hobbies, and other personal activities which help to form a healthy person. Doing homework can lead to less family time and less time for personal activities — out of the class like watching movies or playing sports. Students have no time for socialization which is especially important at the young age. However, it can be significantly decreased by the necessity to finish the homework on time causes the corruption or slow development of social skills which are vital in modern society.

Moreover, the lack of sleep can leave a student tired causing inability to focus on the discussed subjects and new material.I had lots of homework but it was only I had 4 hours before nine.

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That was when I had to sleep. He's 9. We all live in Saratoga. I do it at night. What does he want now? Teens face the struggles of not having any time to finish their homework much less having any time to do their favorite activities.

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Homework that has a purpose means it is effective. Students are given homework that is not furthering the concepts and skills. The homework is assigned because it has been drilled into our collective mind that homework produces higher performing students.

The policy encourages children to spend their free time with their family. This leads to the question. Should elementary schools assign homework to children? Children in elementary schools should not be assigned homework because children are now allowed to pursue interests and spend time with their family, homework is often repetitive and time consuming, and homework can leave. Homework Homework has been a topic of controversy since it has been used. The main issue that instigates a conflict with homework is the time spent at home on an assignment.

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This is followed by several other issues with only minuscule advantages or change. Homework has been proven to help at retaining information through repetition. A student. How does homework affect students in academic and nonacademic ways? Both educators and students ask this infamous question throughout the course of their education tracks.

The Importance of Homework Essay

Teachers and administrators often believe that homework is necessary; whereas, students often question the legitimacy of homework. However, due to new studies and research about homework, it has been proven to be insignificant, oppressive and pernicious to the student's wellness and success.

Homework has proved to be insignificant.

give a talk on the value of homework

Then they should go right into seat-work such as putting their head down, read a book, or work on another assignment. They should be taught to not bother other students. Homework managing your classroom with heart, Homework-Assign homework, check to see if it is done and corrected with both the problems and by your standards that you gave them in the beginning of the year.

These standards should be. When they come home, they need to be able to relax and pursue other interests.

give a talk on the value of homework

This could affect attitude, sleep, and many other things.What's For Dinner? Make dinner time, family time! Today's suggested meal:. Food, Fun and Facts!

Assigning homework serves various educational needs. It serves as an intellectual discipline, establishes study habits, eases time constraints on the amount of curricular material that can be covered in class, and supplements and reinforces work done in school.

In addition, it fosters student initiative, independence, and responsibility and brings home and school closer together. Homework is the time students spend outside the classroom in assigned activities to practice, reinforce or apply newly-acquired skills and knowledge and to learn necessary skills of independent study.

Practice assignments reinforce newly acquired skills. Doyle, M. For example, students who have just learned a new method of solving a mathematical problem should be given sample problems to complete on their own.

Preparation assignments help students get ready for activities that will occur in the classroom. Students may, for example, be required to do background research on a topic to be discussed later in class. Extension assignments are frequently long-term continuing projects that parallel classwork.

Students must apply previous learning to complete these assignments, which include science fair projects and term papers. Like mowing the lawn or taking out the garbage, homework seems to be a fact of life. Families play a vital role in educating children. What families do is more important to student success than whether they are rich or poor, whether parents have finished high school or not, or whether children are in elementary, junior high, or high school.

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Every school will promote partnerships that will increase parental involvement and participation in promoting the social, emotional, and academic growth of children. But the value of homework extends beyond school. We know that good assignments, completed successfully, can help children develop wholesome habits and attitudes. Homework can help parents learn about their children's education and communicate both with their children and the schools.

And it can encourage a lifelong love of learning. Research in the last decade has begun to focus on the relationship between homework and student achievement and has greatly strengthened the case for homework. Although there are mixed findings about whether homework actually increases students' academic achievement, many teachers and parents agree that homework develops students' initiative and responsibility and fulfills the expectations of students, parents, and the public.

Studies generally have found homework assignments to be most helpful if they are carefully planned by the teachers and have direct meaning to students. In addition to helping with homework, there are many other important ways that parents can help their children learn. Parents can encourage children to spend more leisure time reading than watching television. They can talk with their children and communicate positive behaviors, values, and character traits.

They can keep in touch with the school. And they can express high expectations for children and encourage their efforts to achieve.Travel from stations to hotel was quite easy. We didn't need to walk far or pay for service. Hotel breakfasts were full on brunch fare in the USA that would have cost a lot.

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Is There Value in Homework?

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give a talk on the value of homework

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