Unless you are struggling to find a research topic and have decided to cast a wide net to see what you can find that might interest you, your literature search should have a purpose. If you fall into the latter category, you probably already have a topic selected, and your strategy should be to build a dissertation literature review that is comprehensive enough to establish your expertise in the topic. It should also justify the need for the area of focus that you are pursuing, whether that is an identified gap in the research, or the potential for an extrapolation of an existing study.
If you think you have identified a gap in the research, your primary concern will be to make sure that no one else identified that gap and conducted the same study that you are proposing to do. If you are looking to replicate a study that was done ten years ago or because the results from that study were counterintuitive, replication becomes less of an issue unless someone decides to replicate the study as well.
A good review of the relevant literature for your proposed study has to have depth and breadth to establish your expertise and to validate the gap that you think you have identified, but it must also be as current as is physically possible. In other words, you should be checking databases right up to the day you complete your draft submission. The ease with which such alerts can be set-up can be a mixed blessing.
It is important to stay current in the literature, but not at the cost of poor analysis of your data. Remember, the literature review is about demonstrating your mastery of the material to the extent that you are the logical expert to pursue the research you are proposing.
That is done based on quality of material and the analysis of that material. Leave A Reply Cancel Reply.I want to be happy essay
Subscribe for free to get unrestricted access to all our resources on research writing and academic publishing including:. We hate spam too. We promise to protect your privacy and never spam you. Literature review tips. Last updated Oct 16, 1. Develop a Strategy Unless you are struggling to find a research topic and have decided to cast a wide net to see what you can find that might interest you, your literature search should have a purpose.
To Replicate or Not to Replicate If you think you have identified a gap in the research, your primary concern will be to make sure that no one else identified that gap and conducted the same study that you are proposing to do.Philosophy life purpose education jobs uk
If your search is too vague or generic, the algorithm will return results that are of equal quality. The information will be sent to you on a schedule that you specify.Researchgate stephen abel ministries conference today
Know Your Limit The ease with which such alerts can be set-up can be a mixed blessing. You might also like. Old Webinars. Reporting Research. Prev Next. Leave A Reply.Once you have a good understanding of the theoretical components involved in your main journal articleyour choice of routeand the approach within that route, it is time to set the research strategy you will use in your dissertation.
Your dissertation guidelines may refer to this stage of your dissertation as setting the research designresearch methodologyor even research methodsbut these are just three of the components that can make up a research strategy. We prefer to refer to your setting a research strategy because all the choices you make concerning how you implement i.
This is because the research strategy you implement in your dissertation consists of a number of componentsand these components are all interrelated; that is, the choice of one component e. Whilst it is best to consult your dissertation guidelines to see which components you are required to include, your research strategy generally requires that you are able to describeexplain and justify :.
The extent to which the nature of these components e. Broadly speaking, you will be able to rely more heavily on the research strategy used in the main journal article when setting your research strategy if you have taken on Route A: Duplication compared with Route B: Generalisationand certainly, Route C: Extensionwhich typically requires more independent thought and planning.
However, there are certain expectations, usually set out in dissertation guidelines, which require certain components of research strategy to be discussed, even when these were not addressed in your main journal article. Therefore, you need to understand a what these components mean, and b not only the explicitly mentioned components in your main journal article, but also those that are implicit, but not mentioned, and those that may have been intentionally left out. In order to set your research strategy, you will need to a consider the route you are following, and the approach within that route, b research relevant theory about the various components of research strategy, c devise your research strategy, and d address practical requirements associated with this research strategy.
It can also be challenging, and you may need to spend time reading through relevant theory. To start the process, work through the following seven stepseach of which address a different component involved in setting your research strategy:.Graduation paper assignment paper for crafts
STAGE 6 Setting your research strategy Once you have a good understanding of the theoretical components involved in your main journal articleyour choice of routeand the approach within that route, it is time to set the research strategy you will use in your dissertation.It has been seen that, in the context of development and planning out a research, the significance of the study lies in its quality and not in the quantity and the quality of your research depends on how strong your research strategy is.
Therefore, there is a need to pay attention to the designing and following a correct strategy for improving the quality of your research.
Each research study is unique in its own way.
You cannot exercise same procedure and approach to every new research. Every time a new strategy or an approach is applied on the basis of the time required to accomplish research, the main purpose of the research, surroundings in which research is conducted or on the basis of some similar dimensions.
Your main goal while conducting a research is to adopt a way of which the research objectives can be answered. While deciding that way, you should first identify the type and availability of the information that is required to fulfill your objectives of the research. An appropriate research strategy not only provides a direction to your study but also helps in choosing the right methodology for collecting and analysis the data for your research.
Therefore, it is very important to choose an appreciate strategy while conducting your research. If we talk the types of strategies followed in research, there are generally of two basic types: Qualitative and Quantitative. However, if you go in deep there are many other strategies on the basis of your research type, such as Descriptive, Analytical, Applied, Fundamental, Exploratory, Critical, Interpretive and Predictive.
Not every time research involves numbers or calculations that you can analyze. Sometimes you need to understand the underlying opinions and reasons for deeper knowledge of the problem. It gives insights into the research problem and helps to achieve objectives of the research by various methods such as interviews, observations, textual material, open-ended surveys, oral history and focus groups. Another way to figure out is to look at patterns in numeric data, which can only be analyzed using statistics.
The statistical, mathematical, and numerical analysis of collected data comes under the quantitative strategy of research. In academics, the first type of research strategy applied by researchers is always quantitative research. It focuses on when, where, what, how long and how often a specific phenomenon occurs. In quantitative strategy, the researcher plays with variables for the desired outcomes. You can see the best example of this type of research strategy in the natural world; U.
A Census, Population rate and all other research involving a study of numerical data is carried out by quantitative research strategy. As the name suggests, a descriptive strategy is used when you want to describe a particular situation. It observes and describes the behavior of an individual, community, group or a thing without affecting it in any way. The best part about descriptive strategy is that the subject is being observed in an unchanged and completely natural environment.
It does not manipulate any condition; it just describes what already exists in surrounding and can help to uncover the hidden facts and figures of the subject.
In this research strategy, you do not have any control over the variables; you can only state what is happening and what has happened to your subject. Now the biggest question is when you should choose descriptive strategy?
When you want to study the relationship between two things, for an example, how many hours a student spends studying for the exams and his subsequent marks in that exam, so you make a correlational study. Or you want to know how changing the amount of water and sunlight affects the growth a plant, so you create an experimental study.
The descriptive strategy involves three methods: Surveys, Observations, and Case studies to understand a specific set of variables and to collect data that provides a description of individuals, groups, communities or situations. Analytical research strategy involves the use of already available facts and information.Popular university essay ghostwriting sites usa
A researcher studies and analyzes the available data in an attempt to explain the complex problems. Say, for example, your research is based on the Condition of slavery in America after Thirteenth Amendment. Examining the fluctuations of U.Different Research strategies you can use in your Dissertation. One of the key problems you need to address early on when writing your dissertation is that of the best strategy to use to conduct your research? That is, how will you go about answering the research questions you want to investigate?
Defining your research strategy means deciding whether you want to do primary research or confine yourself to the existing literature. You can get help deciding whether a primary or secondary study is best for you from one of our helpful guides. Research strategy for secondary studies is fairly straightforward, although you do have to look at your search methods and define key words and so on.
This guide will help you understand the basics by looking at some of the most common research strategies. Tags: dissertation guideresearch strategies. Category : Dissertation Writing Guide. If you enjoyed this article, subscribe to receive more just like it. Including student tips and advice. Different Research strategies you can use in your Dissertation rodrigo June 20, Subscribe If you enjoyed this article, subscribe to receive more just like it. Subscribe Enter your email address below to receive helpful student articles and tips.
Error, group does not exist! Check your syntax! ID: 2. All rights reserved. Premium WordPress Themes.Research ethics is not a one size fits all approach. The research strategy that you choose to guide your dissertation determines the approach that you should take towards research ethics.
Even though all dissertation research at the undergraduate and master's level should adhere to the basic ethical principles of doing good i. Rather, the approach to research ethics that you adopt in your dissertation should be consistent with your chosen research strategy. Since your research strategy consists of a number of componentsthe approach you adopt should reflect each of these components. In our Research Strategy section, we introduce these major componentswhich include research paradigmsresearch designsresearch methodssampling strategies and data analysis techniques.
Whilst all of these components can have ethical implications for your dissertation, we focus on research designsa couple of research methodssampling strategiesand data analysis techniques to illustrate some of the factors you will need to think about when designing and conducting your dissertation, as well as writing up the Research Ethics section of your Research Strategy chapter typically Chapter Three: Research Strategy.
The impact of each of these components of research strategy on research ethics is discussed in turn:. Each type of research design that you can use to guide your dissertation has unique ethical challenges. These types of research design include quantitative research designsqualitative research designs and mixed methods research designs.
The impact of each of these types of research design on research ethics is discussed in turn:. Compared with qualitative research designs, the more structured and well-defined characteristics of quantitative research designs allow researchers to plan much of the research process before it starts.
Even during the research process, there tends to be relatively little drift from these plans. This is the case whether your dissertation involves experimental or non-experimental research. In the case of non-experimental research, this can often mean that instead of having to submit an Ethics Proposal to an Ethics Committeeyou may only have to convince your supervisor that you have addressed any potential ethical challenges you expect to face.
This will save you time. However, if you are conducting experimental research, especially involving human subjects, there is a greater likelihood that you will need to submit an Ethics Proposal to an Ethics Committeewhich can slow down the research process.
Despite this, the pre-planned and procedural nature of quantitative research designs does make it easier to understand what ethical challenges you may face, which avoids potential ethical issues arising during the research process that may affect the way you can analyse and present your data. Qualitative research designs tend to be more evolutionary in nature when compared with quantitative research designs.Education and learning
For example, data collected during the research process can influence the choice of research methods in subsequent phases of a qualitative research design. As a result, it is often only during the research process that potential ethical issues that may be faced in the next phase of a research project become clear. If your research involves a controversial practices e. However, Ethics Committees are increasingly recognising the evolutionary nature of qualitative research designs and the potential ethical uncertainties they sometimes create.
For the most part, you should be able to recognise most of the potential ethical scenarios you may face during the research process and propose in advance how you would overcome these.
If you are using a mixed methods research design, you will need to take into account the ethical challenges inherent in quantitative and qualitative research designs. After all, you will be using both qualitative and quantitative research methods.
To some extent, this may put a greater burden on your dissertation, slowing down the research process, especially if you need to conduct a qualitative research phase e.Hire a Writer Get an experienced writer start working on your paper. Check Samples Review our samples before placing an order. Academic Library Learn how to draft academic papers. If your dissertation includes a lot of abbreviations, it would make sense to define all these abbreviations in a list of abbreviations in an alphabetical order.
This can really help your readers to understand jargons and specific terms which they might not be familiar with. Here is all you need to know about list of abbreviations for dissertation.
Abbreviations list should be placed at the start of the dissertation and right after the table of contents. The list of abbreviations should also be a part of table of contents. Underneath we will guide you to define abbreviations within text.
Examples of abbreviations in list of abbreviations in dissertation. There are various ways of placing acronyms and abbreviations in a dissertation. While using acronyms which are formed by combining the first letter of each word from a phrase, you should write that phrase in its full form and then write the abbreviation in parenthesis right after that. You can then make use of that acronym for the rest of the dissertation. I conducted in-depth interviews with these RSM, through which I came to know that every MNC has different strategy for its product marketing.
You can still write the full acronym if unsure. Orders completed by our expert writers are. Formally drafted in academic style Plagiarism free Never Resold Include unlimited free revisions Completed to match exact client requirements. APA Style of Abbreviations. If you are working with APA referencing style, there are additional and specific requirements for creating a list of abbreviations for dissertation.
In addition to the list of abbreviations, there are other lists that you can include your dissertation paper including.
List of Abbreviations for Dissertation
Whether you need help with the list of abbreviations or any other aspect of your dissertation paper, Research Prospect dissertation services are designed to help you achieve a high academic grade.
Our strict recruitment process helps us to hire best of the best dissertation writers. Dissertation Proposal Sample October 2, How Long is an Essay in Academic Writing? October 4, Table of Contents. Where Can you Place the List of Abbreviations? Acronyms and Abbreviations 3. APA Style of Abbreviations 4. How Research Prospect Can Help? Examples of abbreviations in list of abbreviations in dissertation Abbreviation Explanation Assoc.
Association Corp. Corporation Ltd. For Example Acronyms and Abbreviations There are various ways of placing acronyms and abbreviations in a dissertation. APA Style of Abbreviations If you are working with APA referencing style, there are additional and specific requirements for creating a list of abbreviations for dissertation.
Other Lists that You Can Have in Your Dissertation In addition to the list of abbreviations, there are other lists that you can include your dissertation paper including Table of Contents Figures and tables Glossary. Glossary in a Dissertation A list of glossary in a dissertation contains all the terms that were used in your dissertation but the meanings of which may not be obvious to the readers.
October 8, Theoretical Framework for Dissertation — What and How Here are the steps to make a theoretical framework for dissertation. You can define, discuss and evaluate theories relevant to the research problem.But right away you know past performance is never, by itself, indicative of future results.
An example of an ERP model might look like this: take the current dividend yield, the average earnings per share over the last 10 years, plus the current inflation rate, and subtract the bond yield. Add or subtract a few components. Mix that together with a guesstimate for some percentage by which stocks are supposed to beat bonds over the next 10 years, based on what treasuries are yielding now.
Except what does today's dividend yield, inflation yield, earnings or anything else have to say about what will happen 10 years from now. Or even three years. Academics who are prone to bearishness - surprise. They say: "The ERP will be below average for the next 10 years, just 1. On the upside, bullish academics (who are fewer) produce bullish ERPs with their own biases.
Still, bullish or bearish, all ERP projections are as much bunk as anyone else's long-term forecasts: bias-based guesstimates, nothing more. Another ERP red flag. ERP models usually predict 2 or 2. They can easily check history. Looking backward, ERPs are very wildly variable. After all, normal stock returns are extreme, not average. The table below shows historic ERPs by decade. The 1960s and 1980s ERPs were darn close to the long-term average ERP of 4. There have been negative ERPs - in the 1930s.
The same thing happened in the 2000s. The ERP was just flat in the 1970s, while stocks overall were positive (though below average). Simply, academic ERPs are usually too bearish, don't address past wide variability, don't stand up to back-testing and can't address future stock supply shifts.
Stocks historically do pretty well long-term versus cash or bonds, but in a widely varying pathYet, academics still produce them, the press promotes them, and the investing world laps them up - because they sound quantitative, academic, sophisticated and rigorous. City "wisdom" at its finest. Typically, an academic will pontificate about the multiple complex variables in his ERP and why they combined with his formulaic approach, leading to a vision of the future.
Few will say: "My ERP model is a fancy but useless way to express my basic optimism or pessimism about the next 10 years. ERP models almost never predict it right. Maybe academics think overt "optimism" or "pessimism" is unseemly or unprofessorial. But it also runs contrary to empirical evidence. Stocks historically rise more than fall. Stocks historically do pretty well in the long term compared to cash or bonds, but in a widely varying path.
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